Bagno VignoniParco Artistico Naturale e Culturale della Val d'Orcia
Bagno Vignoni is a thermal village located in the Val d'Orcia Artistic, Natural and Cultural Park added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites because of the excellent preservation of the landscape which inspired so many Renaissance artists.
The village, known since the Roman age for its thermal water curative virtues, has developed in the Middle Ages with the Tintinnano family domination first, then with the Salimbeni Family domination and finally it has been taken under the protectorate of the city of Siena.
Despite wars and ravages, Bagno Vignoni has been preserved quite unchanged so that visitors can immerse themselves today in the same scenery admired by Saint Catherine of Siena, Lorenzo di Medici The Magnificent and Pope Enea Silvio Piccolomini, who was restored to health by Bagno Vignoni’s thermal waters rich in sodium chloride, calcium and iron carbonates and magnesium and sodium sulphates.
In the centre of the village there is the famous basin that shapes the contours of a unique square where for 2000 years the hot thermal water has been gushing at a temperature of 49° from a depth of 1000 metres. Down the town valley the same spring also feeds five ancient water mills carved in the rock which were restored in 1999.